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Can You Eat Lionfish and is it Safe?

The lionfish is an exotic, beautiful fish with a striking appearance that no one can forget. It’s a familiar occupant of aquariums across the world and has a place in the cuisine of many nations.

a lionfish swimming over coral

Despite its beauty, the lionfish is an invasive predator that can cause massive damage to coastal coral reefs and has few natural predators to keep it in check.

If you’ve been curious about whether people eat lionfish, we’re here to help. Read on for some information on the edibility of lionfish, the risks, and what you should expect if you put one on your dinner plate.

Do People Eat Lionfish?

Lionfish is a dish enjoyed worldwide, especially in coastal nations and communities. There are many dishes in places like the Bahamas that use this delicious fish. Japanese food will also commonly incorporate lionfish, especially in sushi dishes.

a lionfish swimming in the water

Lionfish is something that many industries are trying to encourage as a food source. These fish can cause extensive damage to an ecosystem and has few predators.

Many want to encourage people to eat more lionfish to help lower the amount near the coasts and put more people in the fishing industry to work.

Is it Edible?

Yes, lionfish is entirely edible. Typically speaking, most people will prepare a lionfish in the same way that one would prepare other types of fish. Grilling, sauteing, and frying are just a few ways to enjoy lionfish.

two lionfish swimming

In coastal restaurants, you may find lionfish on the local menu. Restaurants specializing in oceanic cuisines like sushi or seafood restaurants may also include lionfish. Due to its exotic appearance, many places will describe lionfish as a delicacy.

What Does it Taste Like?

Lionfish is a mild and buttery fish. When properly prepared, it maintains a moist tenderness that is much softer than most other white fish.

a closeup of a lionfish face

Many will place the fish in dishes like ceviche where the fish can shine, the butteriness often seen as a fantastic accompaniment to the acidic citrusy dish.

Many describe the taste of lionfish to be somewhere between lobster and shrimp. The texture is much softer than these, as the fish will melt away in your mouth with most preparations.

When used with other ingredients, it tends to take on the texture of its accompanying items.

Is Lionfish Safe to Eat?

Yes, lionfish are entirely safe to eat. However, it is essential to note that the spines alongside a lionfish’s body are highly venomous. The venom is one of the reasons many are apprehensive about eating lionfish.

lionfish swimming with open mouth

To make lionfish safe to eat, you only need to remove the spines. Then, scale the fish according to your style of preparation. Lionfish are genuinely safer than most fish due to having a lower amount of mercury.

You should only eat certain types of fish, such as tuna or barramundi, a few times a week to prevent a high mercury count in one’s body. 

Mercury is a heavy metal and takes months to leave the system after ingestion has ceased. Severe mercury poisoning can be devastating to the nervous system, and other bodily functions. Serious mercury poisoning requires chelation treatment to cleanse it from the body. 

Can You Eat Lionfish Raw?

Yes, lionfish is perfectly safe to eat raw. It is one of the most common fish preparations and can find its way onto many menus.

lionfish fillets

Japanese cuisine will commonly utilize lionfish as a raw ingredient. Nigiri and sashimi-style preparations will often use the fish raw, as will many specialty sushi rolls. Often taking the place of other white fish on the menu, lionfish goes fantastically raw alone or with other ingredients.

Ceviche is another typical dish that may use lionfish. Though technically cooked by the other ingredients within the dish, many consider this a raw preparation.

Lionfish is also completely safe to eat while raw, with many preferring it over other fish. Its soft, buttery texture can shine much more while raw, often accompanied only by a small amount of sauce or something similar to help the flavor pop as much as possible.

Final Thoughts

Lionfish is a seemingly-exotic fish found on dinner tables across the world. Though one needs to exercise caution to remove the venomous spines from the fish properly, it becomes completely safe to eat afterward.

With a lower mercury count and initiatives to increase its consumption, lionfish is growing as a popular, healthy meal.

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